Beijing, 26 September 2008 – A survey report released today at Renmin University, Beijing provides a wealth of information on AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in China. The report presents the results of a KABP (Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviour and Practices) survey of over 6000 respondents in six Chinese cities targeting four main groups (white-collar workers, blue-collar workers, migrant-workers and youth). It is the outcome of an innovative collaboration between the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC) and their initiative CHAMP (China HIV/AIDS Media Partnership), Renmin University, Ogilvy PR Worldwide and UNAIDS.
The results provide critical knowledge and data that will support and inform HIV prevention efforts of national and international organizations, the private sector, government bodies and academic institutions. The survey has already been used to inform design and messages of two videos currently under production by CHAMP and would also prove valuable for the mass media in their reporting on AIDS.
The results published in the summary report show among many other things that:
- More than 48% of respondents thought they could contract HIV from a mosquito bite, and over 18% by having an HIV positive person sneeze or cough on them.
- Around 83% of interviewees had never searched for information on HIV/AIDS.
- Nearly 30 % did not know how to use a condom correctly.
- Only 19 % said they would use a condom if they had sex with a new partner.
- Nearly 11% of respondents had had sex with people who were not their spouse, girlfriend or boyfriend during the past 6 months; 42% of those respondents had not used condoms.
- 30% think HIV positive children should not be allowed to study at the same schools as uninfected children.
- Nearly 65% would be unwilling to live in same household with an HIV-infected person and 48% of interviewees would be unwilling to eat with an HIV-infected person.
“CHAMP, Renmin University, Ogilvy and UNAIDS is today holding a joint work session to discuss how the data might be used in China’s HIV/AIDS response. I believe this very comprehensive survey is extremely useful and should be studied and analyzed further by researchers” said Professor Zhenwu Zhai, President of the School of Sociology and Population Studies of Renmin University.
Michael Shiu, the Director of GBC which coordinates CHAMP, said “I am saddened by the level of stigma of people living with HIV including in the work place. Employers must work hard to ensure that discrimination does not take place in their work environments.”
Stigma and discrimination not only impact the lives of people living with HIV negatively, it also has a very harmful effect on HIV prevention as it among other things creates fear from being associated with AIDS, which impedes people from seeking information about HIV.
“These data are really a cause for concern.” said Dr. Bernhard Schwartländer, UNAIDS China Country Coordinator. “We see that there are still many misconceptions around AIDS in the population, which contribute to stigma and discrimination. But there are also worrying contradictions between knowledge and behaviour. Though people know that HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sex many still do not protect themselves with a condom when engaging in risk behaviour.”
As of the end of 2007, there were approximately 700,000 people living with HIV in China. It is estimated that 85,000 of them have developed AIDS. In 2007, approximately 50,000 new infections occurred and there were an estimated 20,000 AIDS related deaths. Sexual transmission is now the most common way of HIV infections in China.