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China's commitment to a national response to AIDs has been supported and reinforced by its international partners, who have provided evidence-informed advocacy to mobilize resources and to develop effective interventions that meet the specific challenges of China's epidemics. The UN system has played a central role in building the strong partnership between the Government of China and the international community that underlines the national AIDS response.

The efforts of the UN to mobilize resources for the AIDS response in China have been reinforced by The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It was created to dramatically increase resources to fight three of the world's most devastating diseases, and to direct those resources to areas of greatest need. By establishing a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and affected communities, the Global Fund represents an innovative approach to international health financing.

The partnership between the UN system and the Government of China is constantly evolving. From 2001 the emphasis was on fostering leadership and commitment, and mobilizing the resources needed for an effective response to AIDS. Over the past two years the UN system has advocated a third vital response focus, that of making the money work more effectively.

Comparative Advantages of the UN System

The UN's support to the AIDS response seeks to address an emerging context in which other international donors have become the dominant external financial contributors. The relevance and effectiveness of the UN system must therefore rely on its ability to focus its activities in areas where it has a recognized comparative advantage. These related to fields where the UN is seen as a respected independent broker or convenor of change.

The comparative advantages of the UN system are:

* Legitimacy derived from international conventions and declarations

* Neutrality and impartiality as a basis for advocacy and leadership

* Multiple and high level entry points with a broad sector range

* Relationships with government and non-government organizations

* Normative and standard setting mandate

* Its global network of experience and international best practice

* Operational experience, backed by technical capacity and expertise

* As a mobilizer and convenor of stakeholder and constituencies.


Building on these advantages and to further strengthen its partnership with the Government of China, the UN Joint Programme on AIDS in China (2007-2010) was developed as a strategic response to the evolving situations. it mobilizes UN system resouces in a comprehensive and integrated manner in order to improve the effectiveness of the UN contribution to the AIDS response in China.


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